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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||β-spectrin Campinas: A Novel Shortened β-chain Variant Associated With Skipping Of Exon 30 And Hereditary Elliptocytosis|
|Abstract:||β-Spectrin Campinas is a novel spectrin variant associated with a shortened β-chain in a kindred with hereditary elliptocytosis (HE). The propositus and her mother exhibited increased amounts of spectrin dimers and an increase in the cd 74 kD fragment from the α-chain after partial tryptic digestion of spectrin. The shortened β-chain appeared as an additional band of approximately 200 kD on SDS-PAGE. In order to delineate the molecular defect of this abnormality at the gene level, reticulocyte mRNA was transcribed into cDNA and the last four exons of the β-spectrin gene were amplified. Agarose gel of the amplification product of the propositus revealed the expected band of 487 bp as well as a shortened band of approximately 300 bp (size determined on gel). This shortened cDNA amplification product was cloned and nucleotide sequencing revealed the absence of the entire exon 30. In order to determine the underlying mutation responsible for this abnormal splicing, a genomic DNA fragment containing exons 30 and 31 was amplified and nucleotide sequencing revealed a G → A substitution at the 5' donor splice site consensus sequence of intron 30 (nt + 1 IVS30). The skip splicing observed in this study results in a frameshift, creating a new stop codon and causing a deletion of 129 aminoacids at the very COOH-terminus of the protein, thus impairing spectrin dimers self- association. We classified this HE as spherocytic HE because the propositus presented a few spherocytes in addition to many elliptocytes in the blood smear, whereas her mother, who was splenectomized, showed many schizocytes, poikilocytes and spherocytes.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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