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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Intracerebroventricular Administration Of Canatoxin To Rats Increases The Circulating Levels Of Luteinizing Hormone.|
|Abstract:||Recent evidence has implicated the central nervous system as a target organ for canatoxin, a toxic protein present in Canavalia ensiformis seeds. This toxin activates the lipoxygenase pathway of arachidonic acid metabolism and can thus induce the release of substances mediated by lipoxygenase products. In the present study, the circulating levels of luteinizing hormone (LH) were measured by RIA in male Wistar rats (200-240 g) after the administration of canatoxin into the lateral cerebral ventricle. Canatoxin (0.5-2 micrograms in 2 microliters daily for 3 days) caused a dose- and time-dependent increase in the plasma levels of LH. The total dose of canatoxin used is subconvulsive. At 2, 4 and 24 h after 2 micrograms of canatoxin LH levels were increased by 10%, 43% and 61%, respectively, compared to vehicle-injected animals (0.18 +/- 0.03 ng/ml). This response to 2 micrograms of canatoxin was not attenuated by pretreatment with two different lipoxygenase inhibitors, nordihydroguaiaretic acid (NDGA, 125 mg/kg) or esculetin (ECLT, 125 mg/kg), ip, 1 h before each canatoxin (CNTX) injection; % increase in LH with CNTX alone: 61%; CNTX+NDGA: 54%; CNTX+ECLT:76%; N = 5/group. These data show that intracerebral injection of CNTX in rats increases circulating levels of LH via a mechanism that is independent of the lipoxygenase pathway.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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