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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Stability And Surface Acidity Of Niobium(v) Oxide Grafted On A Silica Gel Surface
Author: Denofre S.
Gushikem Y.
De Castro S.C.
Kawano Y.
Abstract: Silica gel with a specific surface area, SBET, of 322 m2 g-1, and an average pore diameter of 6 nm, has been chemically modified with NbV oxide by a grafting reaction. The quantity of attached atoms was 8.9 × 10-2 mol g-1 with a surface density of 1.7 atoms nm-2. The XPS technique showed that the atomic Nb/Si ratio of ca. 0.03 remained unchanged when the samples were heated from 423 to 1573 K. At high calcination temperatures, i.e. T ≥ 1473 K, the specific surface area of Nb2O5/SiO2 was nearly reduced to zero as consequence of a crystallization process. Spectroscopic and X-ray diffraction data showed that Nb2O5 and SiO2 crystallized as separated phases at this temperature. Heating the material up to 973 K did not affect its transition-metal exchange capacity. Lewis and Brønsted acidities were also studied by the pyridine sorption technique. The Lewis acid sites were stable in samples precalcined up to 973 K and the Brønsted acid sites could be detected for samples precalcined up to 773 K.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1039/FT9938901057
Date Issue: 1993
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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