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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Trypanosoma Cruzi: Early Resistance Induced By Culture-derived Trypomastigotes|
|Abstract:||Previous observations in this laboratory showed that injection of culture-derived trypomastigotes (CT), in CBA/J mice, induced an early increased resistance that was detected 24-72 hr after antigen injection and permitted mice to survive a challenge of 105 blood trypomastigotes (BT) corresponding to 2000 LD50%. Present experiments were conducted to determine the optimal conditions for inducing this early resistance and to investigate the early morphological changes which occurred in blood and lymphoid organs of mice infected with either BT or CT. Among nine antigens tested, only living CT showed a protective effect permiting most of mice to survive 30 days after BT challenge, while control mice injected with PBS or other antigens died at 10 ± 1 days. A dose-response relationship was seen when different doses of CT were tested, higher doses of CT inducing higher survival and lower parasitemia. Injection of CT by either an im or ip route induced similar degrees of resistance but significantly different results were obtained when mice were challenged by using ip or im routes. Higher parasitemia and lower survival were always obtained when animals were challenged by the ip route. Within 72 hr, mice injected with BT presented a lymphopenia which reached a maximum at 48 hr, a depletion of thymic cortical zone, and splenomegaly with hyperplasia of the white pulp and congestion of the red pulp. No gross alterations were observed in animals infected with CT. Overall data suggest that the early resistance is a specifically induced phenomenon and that BT and CT induce different early reactions in the CBA/J lymphoid organs. The possibility of a correlation between the early resistance and cellular changes induced by CT infection is proposed. © 1991.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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