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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Organosolv Pulping - V: Formic Acid Delignification Of Eucalyptus Globulus And Eucalyptus Grandis
Author: Baeza J.
Urizar S.
de Magalhaes Erismann N.
Freer J.
Schmidt E.
Duran N.
Abstract: Organosolv pulping mediated by formic acid was evaluated. Wood of Eucalyptus globulus and Eucalyptus grandis was cooked with formic acid under different conditions of solvent ratio (formic acid: water), catalyst concentration, temperature and time of treatment. For E. globulus, the best results for sawdust samples were obtained at 90°C after 90 min of cooking, with a solvent ratio of 80:20 (vv-1), a charge (wood:solvent ratio) of 1:30 and 0·44% (vv-1) of catalyst. In the case of E. globulus chips, the concentration of catalyst used was 0·22%, the charge was 1:10, and soaking and preheating were used. For a sample of E. globulus soaked in water for 72 h, the pulp yield was 56%, Kappa number 22 and reject content 1·6% E. grandis wood needed more drastic conditions. Cooking of E. grandis chips with formic acid (99%) at 95°C, 0·22% catalyst, charge 1:10, resulted in a pulp yield of 43%. The Kappa number was 31, reject content 0·1% and the cellulose and Klason lignin contents were 88% and 8%, respectively. © 1991.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/0960-8524(91)90105-S
Date Issue: 1991
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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