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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Alterations In Mitochondrial Ca2+ Flux By The Antibiotic X-537a (lasalocid-a)|
da Silva L.P.
|Abstract:||A previous communication (Pereira da Silva, L., Bernardes, C.F. and Vercesi, A.E. (1984) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 124, 80-86) presented evidence that lasalocid-A, at concentrations far below those required to act as a Ca2+ ionophore, significantly inhibits Ca2+ efflux from liver mitochondria. In the present work we have studied the mechanism of this inhibition in liver and heart mitochondria. It was observed that lasalocid-A (25-250 nM), like nigericin, promotes the electroneutral exchange of K+ for H+ across the inner mitochondrial membrane and as a consequence can cause significant alterations in ΔpH and Δψ. An indirect effect of these changes that might lead to inhibition of mitochondrial Ca2+ release was ruled out by experiments showing that the three observed patterns of lasalocid-A effect depend on the size of the mitochondrial Ca2+ load. At low Ca2+ loads (5-70 nmol Ca2+/mg protein), under experimental conditions in which Ca2+ release is supposed to be mediated by a Ca2+/2H+ antiporter, the kinetic data indicate that lasalocid-A inhibits the efflux of the cation by a competitive mechanism. The Ca2+/2Na+ antiporter, the dominant pathway for Ca2+ efflux from heart mitochondria, is not affected by lasalocid-A. At intermediate Ca2+ loads (70-110 nmol Ca2+/mg protein), lasalocid-A slightly stimulates Ca2+ release. This effect appears to be due to an increase in membrane permeability caused by the displacement of a pool of membrane bound Mg2+ possibly involved in the maintenance of membrane structure. Finally, at high Ca2+ loads (110-140 nmol Ca2+/mg protein) lasalocid-A enhances Ca2+ retention by liver mitochondria even in the presence of Ca2+-releasing agents such as phosphate and oxidants of the mitochondrial pyridine nucleotides. The maintenance of a high membrane potential under these conditions may indicate that lasalocid-A is a potent inhibitor of the Ca2+-induced membrane permeabilization. Nigericin, whose chemical structure resembles that of lasalocid-A, caused similar results. © 1991 Elsevier Science Publishers B.V. (Biomedical Division) All rights reserved.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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