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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||An Investigation Of The Reliability And Validity Of An Entrepreneurial Orientation Index In Brazil|
|Abstract:||The present paper aims to discuss the validation of a translated version into Portuguese of the Carland Entrepreneurship Index - CEI. This instrument measures personal entrepreneurial orientation and has been widely applied in entrepreneurship research across the USA. CEI consists of a set of 33 pairs of affirmatives in a forced choice format in a paper and pen version, that measures an individual's proclivity to entrepreneurship in four factors: personality traits); innovation; risk-taking propensity; and strategic posture. There have been no reports, to our knowledge, of CEI's use in other cultures, and this is the first time it has been used in the Portuguese language. Entrepreneurship has been studied as a culturally independent phenomenon thus, this paper contributes to this discussion showing the appropriateness of this measure for another culture. The sample consisted of Business Administration undergraduate and graduate students and general adult population located in Paraná, a Southern Brazilian state. Data were collected with 495 respondents, averaging 26 years old, 54% were female and 44% were male, and, as expected, only 18% reported ownership of an enterprise. Research methods included backtranslation of the instrument, factor analysis, reliability tests (Cronbach's Alpha), and correlation tests for different groups of respondents, considering sex and ownership of enterprise variables. Results pointed to a normal distribution of CEI's scores, a nonsignificant difference between male and female scores, and a significant difference between scores of owners and non-owners of an enterprise. Statistical analysis indicated, also, that the Portuguese CEI version obtained good levels of validity and reliability. This means that CEI can be useful for academic and practitioners in a different cultural setting such as Brazil.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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