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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Calculation Of The Helmholtz Free Energy With Approximate Green's Functions|
|Abstract:||We employ approximate Green's Functions (GF) to obtain the Helmholtz free energy F in a Grand Canonical Ensemble. This study was motivated by the calculation of the total number of electrons Nt as a function of the chemical potential μ in the Periodic Anderson Model by employing approximate one-electron GF. In this calculation we found that for some parameter values at low T one obtains three values of the chemical potential μ for each Nt in a small interval of Nt. One of the three states is thermodynamically unstable because Nt decreases when μ increases, but in the calculation of F by a methods that is based in a thermodynamic relation, this is the most stable of the three. The purpose of this work is to explain this paradox, and we also suggest a variation of the calculation that avoids this difficulty. From geometrical arguments it is clear that this paradox will be always present when Nt vs. μ has the shape observed in our calculation, independently of the numerical details of the calculation. © 1994.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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