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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Inhibition Of Carrageenin-induced Rat Paw Oedema By Crotapotin, A Polypeptide Complexed With Phospholipase A2|
De Nucci G.
|Abstract:||The effect of purified crotapotin, a non-toxic non-enzymatic chaperon protein normally complexed to a phospholipase A2 (PLA2) in South America rattlesnake venom, was studied in the acute inflammatory response induced by carrageenin (1 mg/paw), compound 48/80 (3 μg/paw) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) (3 μg/paw) in the rat hind-paw. The effects of crotapotin on platelet aggregation, mast cell degranulation and eicosanoid release from guinea-pig isolated lung were also investigated. Subplantar co-injection of crotapotin (1 and 10 μg/paw) with carrageenin or injection of crotapotin (10 μg/paw) into the contralateral paw significantly inhibited the carrageenin-induced oedema. This inhibition was also observed when crotapotin (10-30 μg/paw) was administered either intraperitoneally or orally. Subplantar injection of heated crotapotin (15 min at 60°C) failed to inhibit carrageenin-induced oedema. Subplantar injection of crotapotin (10 μg/paw) also significantly inhibited the rat paw oedema induced by compound 48/80, but it did not affect 5-HT-induced oedema. In adrenalectomized animals, subplantar injection of crotapotin markedly inhibited the oedema induced by carrageenin. The inhibitory effect of crotapotin was also observed in rats depleted of histamine and 5-HT stores. Crotapotin (30 μg/paw) had no effect on either the histamine release induced by compound 48/80 in vitro or on the platelet aggregation induced by both arachidonic acid (1 mM) and platelet activating factor (1 μM) in human platelet-rich plasma. The platelet aggregation and thromboxane B2 (TXB2) release induced by thrombin (100 mu ml-1) in washed human platelets were also not affected by crotapotin. In addition, crotapotin (10 μg/paw) did not affect the release of 6-oxo-prostaglandin F(1α) and TXB2 induced by ovalbumin in sensitized guinea-pig isolated lungs. Our results indicate that the anti-inflammatory activity of crotapotin is not due to endogenous corticosteroid release or inhibition of cyclo-oxygenase activity. It is possible that crotapotin may interact with extracellular PLA2 generated during the inflammatory process thereby reducing its hydrolytic activity.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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