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Type: Artigo de evento
Title: Caudal Brainstem Raphe Nuclei: Neural Substrate For Their Involvement In The Expression Of Some Biological Rhythms
Author: Nogueira M.I.
Pfeiffer C.P.
Bittencourt J.C.
Ribeiro Do Vale L.E.
Abstract: Nucleus raphe pallidus (RPa) lies ventrally in the caudal brainstem, where it is coextensive rostrally with the nucleus raphe magnus (RMg) and caudally with the nucleus raphe obscurus (ROb). Retrograde neuronal tracing studies of our laboratory, carried out in rats and presented elsewhere, with fluorogold, true-blue or fast-blue, iontophoretically injected or by crystalline deposit, along the RPa extent, displayed many labeled pericaria at the preoptic area (POA), as well as lateral (LH) and dorsomedial (DMH) hypothalamus; paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and dorsal (DR) and median (MnR) raphe nuclei among others structures. In addition, RPa which projects to the intermediolateral column, has been demonstrated to bear relation to many of the somatic-visceral functions also reported for POA. Iontophoretic injections of PHA-L, an anterograde tracer, in the POA subnuclei, presented terminal and varicose labeled fibers in RPa, as well as in the RMg, ROb, paraventricular thalamic (PVA), PVN and supraoptic nucleus (SO), LH, subparaventricular zone (sPVZ) and locus cocruleus (LC), POA, PVA, PVN, LH and SO have been described as retino- and suprachiasmatic-recipients. Taken together, these neuronal connections between brainstem raphe nuclei and POA, the similarity of functions to which they are related, as well as connections with other retino-suprachiasmatic-recipient structures, suggest that these caudal brainstem raphe nuclei could be part of the output system for the expression of some biological rhythms.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1076/brhm.
Date Issue: 1996
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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