Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/95365
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Magnetic Carbon
Author: Makarova T.L.
Sundqvist B.
Hohne R.
Esquinazi P.
Kopelevich Y.
Scharff P.
Davydov V.A.
Kashevarova L.S.
Rakhmanina A.V.
Abstract: The discovery of nanostructured forms of molecular carbon has led to renewed interest in the varied properties of this element. Both graphite and C 60 can be electron-doped by alkali metals to become superconducting; transition temperatures of up to 52 K have been attained by field-induced hole-doping of C 60 (ref. 2). Recent experiments and theoretical studies have suggested that electronic instabilities in pure graphite may give rise to superconducting and ferromagnetic properties, even at room temperature. Here we report the serendipitous discovery of strong magnetic signals in rhombohedral C 60. Our intention was to search for superconductivity in polymerized C 60; however, it appears that our high-pressure, high-temperature polymerization process results in a magnetically ordered state. The material exhibits features typical of ferromagnets: saturation magnetization, large hysteresis and attachment to a magnet at room temperature. The temperature dependences of the saturation and remanent magnetization indicate a Curie temperature near 500 K.
Editor: 
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1038/35099527
Address: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-0035909375&partnerID=40&md5=489dae97a65298c71de61f76a7b30b33
Date Issue: 2001
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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