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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Physical Restraint: The Role Of Ethnic, Clinical And Socio-demographic Variables [contenção Física: O Papel De Variáveis étnicas, Clínicas E Sociodemográficas]|
|Author:||Kimati Dias M.|
De Oliveira Lopes A.C.
Ramos E Silva H.
|Abstract:||Introduction: Despite physical restraint be very common in psychiatric practice, the authors didn't find studies about this subject written in Brazil. Objectives: 1) Characterise the circumstances in which physical restraint has been used in a psychiatric unit at HC-Unicamp. 2) Find demographic, clinical and ethnic differences between non-restraint and restraint patients. Method: Demographic and clinical data were obtained by retrospective medical files review of 100 patients randomly selected from 344 consecutive hospitalizations during a 1-year period (1996-97). Additional data were obtained by a computer data bank with BPRS, GAS and MMSE rates. Results: The restraint patents group had not significative differences from non-restrainted patients about age or number of hospitalizations. Patients of female sex, with more recent history of psychiatric medicines use and larger period of time without hospitalisation were more likely to be restraint. Black and "mulatos" patients were significantly more restraint during hospitalization. BPRS either MMSE rotes were significantly different between restraint and non-restraint groups. Discussion and conclusion: Ethnic and social-demographic variables may interfere in psychiatrists procedures. Physical restraint as other authority acts must happen under protocols. Further research about restraint and seclusion is needed in our milieu.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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