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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Effect Of The Gabab Agonist Baclofen On Dipyrone-induced Delayed Gastric Emptying In Rats|
|Abstract:||Dipyrone administered intravenously (iv) or intracerebroventricularly (icv) delays gastric emptying (GE) in rats. Gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) is the most potent inhibitory neurotransmitter of the central nervous system. The objective of the present study was to determine the effect of icv baclofen, a GABAB receptor agonist, on delayed GE induced by dipyrone. Adult male Wistar rats received a saline test meal containing phenol red as a marker. GE was indirectly evaluated by determining the percent of gastric retention (%GR) of the meal 10 min after orogastric administration. In the first experiment, the animals were injected iv with vehicle (Civ) or 80 mg/kg (240 μmol/kg) dipyrone (Dpiv), followed by icv injection of 10 μl vehicle (bac0), or 0.5 (bac0.5), 1 (bac1) or 2 μg (bac2) baclofen. In the second experiment, the animals were injected icv with 5 μl vehicle (Cicv) or an equal volume of a solution containing 4 μmol (1333.2 μg) dipyrone (Dpicv), followed by 5 μl vehicle (bac0) or 1 μg baclofen (bac1). GE was determined 10 min after icv injection. There was no significant difference between control animals from one experiment to another concerning GR values. Baclofen at the doses of 1 and 2 μg significantly reduced mean %GR induced by iv dipyrone (Dpivbac1 = 35.9% and Dpivbac2 = 26.9% vs Dpivbac0 = 51.8%). Similarly, baclofen significantly reduced the effect of dipyrone injected icv (mean %GR: Dpicvbac1 = 30.4% vs Dpicvbac0 = 54.2%). The present results suggest that dipyrone induces delayed GE through a route in the central nervous system that is blocked by the activation of GABAB receptors.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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