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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Mental Health And Drug Use Among Catholic, Pentecostal And Spiritualist Youth [jovens Pentecostais E Espíritas Em Comparação A Católicos: Uso De álcool E Drogas E Saúde Mental]
Author: Dalgalarrondo P.
Soldera M.A.
Rodrigues Correa Filho H.
Silva C.A.M.
Abstract: Background: In the last decades, an important change took place regarding religious affiliation in Brazil, formerly an almost altogether Catholic country, as religious diversity has been increasing considerably. However, the impact of such change on mental health and drug use has not yet been properly studied. Objective: This study aims to verify the effects of religious affiliation on mental health and drug use, by comparing the three major religious groups in Brazil: Catholics, Pentecostal Protestants and Allan Kardec Spiritualists. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted, using a sample of convenience from four public and three private schools of Campinas city. A self-report anonymous questionnaire focusing on the use of alcohol, tobacco, medicines, solvents, marijuana, cocaine and ecstasy was administered. The General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) was used for detecting minor psychiatric symptoms. For statistical analysis, bivariate and multiple regression analysis were applied. Results: 1.796 students filled the self-report form. The three religious groups differed significantly. Pentecostals used less tobacco, alcohol and drugs and had lower GHQ-12 scores. Spiritualists used more psychoactive substances and had higher GHQ-12 scores. Catholics presented halfway scores, what placed them between the other two groups. Conclusions: This study shows consistently that in the Brazilian sociocultural context religious affiliation is an important dimension associated with the use of psychoactive substances and to the mental health status. Probably due to the Pentecostal Protestant's more strict moral values and attitudes, affiliation with this religion may somewhat inhibit the use of alcohol and drugs by adolescents that profess such faith.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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