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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Acoustic Detection Of The Magnetocaloric Effect: Application To Gd And Gd5.09 Ge2.03 Si1.88|
Magnus G. Carvalho A.
Da Silva E.C.
|Abstract:||In this paper we present a simple method for the determination of the total magnetocaloric effect based on the acoustic detection of the adiabatic temperature rise caused by the application of an ac magnetic field of small amplitude. The continuous scanning of a superimposed dc magnetic field allows, by numerical integration, the determination of large temperature variations caused by magnetic field steps from zero to tens of kOe. Absolute values of temperature rise are easily acquired after the calibration of the microphone signal using an appropriate reference sample. Once the calibration is done, no further information about the sample's thermal properties is necessary since the measured signal is directly proportional to the temperature variation. Measurements were made in Gd and Gd5.09 Ge2.03 Si1.88 samples in the temperature range from 240 to 320 K. The technique shows to be suitable for the investigation of materials undergoing both purely magnetic phase transitions, as in the case of Gd, and magnetic-crystallographic first-order ones, as observed for Gd5.09 Ge2.03 Si1.88. Besides the ability to determine the temperature variation due to a large magnetic field step through the continuous scanning of the magnetic field, the technique is also very suitable for measuring the magnetocaloric effect under very small magnetic field steps since it has sensitivity below millikelvin. Moreover, it is able to detect temperature variations in very small amount of sample, leading to its potential application in magnetocaloric thin films. © 2009 The American Physical Society.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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