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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Intensive insulin treatment induces insulin resistance in diabetic rats by impairing glucose metabolism-related mechanisms in muscle and liver
Author: OKAMOTO, Maristela Mitiko
ANHE, Gabriel Forato
MARQUES, Milano Felipe dos Santos Ferreira
FREITAS, Helayne Soares
MORI, Rosana Cristina Tieko
MELO, Karla Fabiana S.
MACHADO, Ubiratan Fabres
Abstract: Insulin replacement is the only effective therapy to manage hyperglycemia in type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). Nevertheless, intensive insulin therapy has inadvertently led to insulin resistance. This study investigates mechanisms involved in the insulin resistance induced by hyperinsulinization. Wistar rats were rendered diabetic by alloxan injection, and 2 weeks later received saline or different doses of neutral protamine Hagedorn insulin (1.5, 3, 6, and 9 U/day) over 7 days. Insulinopenic-untreated rats and 6U- and 9U-treated rats developed insulin resistance, whereas 3U-treated rats revealed the highest grade of insulin sensitivity, but did not achieve good glycemic control as 6U- and 9U-treated rats did. This insulin sensitivity profile was in agreement with glucose transporter 4 expression and translocation in skeletal muscle, and insulin signaling, phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase/glucose-6-phosphatase expression and glycogen storage in the liver. Under the expectation that insulin resistance develops in hyperinsulinized diabetic patients, we believe insulin sensitizer approaches should be considered in treating T1DM. Journal of Endocrinology (2011) 211, 55-64
Country: Inglaterra
Citation: JOURNAL OF ENDOCRINOLOGY, v.211, n.1, p.55-64, 2011
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1530/JOE-11-0105
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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