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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Nitrate Reductase-dependent Nitric Oxide Synthesis In The Defense Response Of Arabidopsis Thaliana Against Pseudomonas Syringae [síntese De óxido Nítrico Dependente Da Nitrato Redutase Na Resposta De Defesa De Arabidopsis Thaliana Contra Pseudomonas Syringae]|
|Abstract:||Nitrate reductase (NR) was recently shown to play an important role during phytopathogenic interactions by providing substrates for the synthesis of nitric oxide (NO), a key signal for plant defense responses. In order to give additional support to this hypothesis, we compared NO-mediated defense responses of wild-type and NR double-deficient (nia1 nia2) Arabidopsis thaliana plants inoculated with the IBSBF-1115 (ibs) strain of Pseudomonas syringae pv. maculicola (Psm) and with genetically characterized avirulent (avr) or virulent (vir) strains of Psm. Inoculation of wild-type leaves with avr or ibs, but not vir, stimulated NO emission, as measured by the indicator 4,5-diaminofluorescein. NO emission induced by avr was higher than that induced by ibs. Wild-type plants displayed the hypersensitive response (HR) when infiltrated with the strains avr or ibs, although a stronger HR was induced by avr. The vir strain did not induce HR in wild-type plants, and leaves developed severe infection symptoms. nia1 nia2 plants did not show significantly increased NO emission nor did they develop HR to any of the analyzed strains of Psm, but displayed clorotic lesions and higher bacterial growth in their leaves. Overall, these results highlight the importance of NR-dependent NO synthesis for plant defenses against pathogen attack.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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