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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Expectation Of Forward-backward Rapidity Correlations In P+p Collisions At The Lhc Energies|
|Abstract:||Forwardbackward correlation strength (b) as a function of pseudorapidity intervals for experimental data from p+p̄ nonsingly diffractive collisions are compared to PYTHIA and PHOJET model calculations. The correlations are discussed as a function of rapidity window (η) symmetric about the central rapidity as well as rapidity window separated by a gap (η gap) between forward and backward regions. While the correlations are observed to be independent of η, it is found to decrease with increase in η gap. This reflects the role of short range correlations and justifies the use of η gap to obtain the accurate information about the physics of interest, the long range correlations. The correlation strength from PYTHIA are in agreement with the available experimental data while those from the PHOJET give higher values. For p+p collisions at √s = 7, 10 and 14 TeV, the correlation strength from PHOJET are lower compared to those from PYTHIA, this is in contrast to the observations at lower energies. The experimental b value shows a linear dependence on ln √s with the maximum value of unity being reached at √s = 16∼ TeV, beyond the top LHC energy. However calculations from the PYTHIA and PHOJET models indicate a deviation from linear dependence on ln √s and saturation in the b values being reached beyond √s = 1.8∼ TeV. Such a saturation in correlation values could have interesting physical interpretations related to clan structures in particle production. Strong forwardbackward correlations are associated with cluster production in the collisions. The average number of charged particles to which the clusters fragments, called the cluster size, are found to also increase linearly with ln √s for both data and the models studied. The rate of increase in cluster size versus ln √s from models studied are larger compared to those from the data and higher for PHOJET compared to PYTHIA. Our study indicates that the forwardbackward measurements will provide a clear distinguishing observable for the models studied at LHC energies. © 2012 World Scientific Publishing Company.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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