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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Iron Insertion And Hematite Segregation On Fe-doped Tio 2 Nanoparticles Obtained From Sol-gel And Hydrothermal Methods
Author: Santos R.D.S.
Faria G.A.
Giles C.
Leite C.A.P.
Barbosa H.D.S.
Arruda M.A.Z.
Longo C.
Abstract: Iron-doped TiO 2 (Fe:TiO 2) nanoparticles were synthesized by the sol-gel method (with Fe/Ti molar ratio corresponding to 1, 3, and 5%), followed by hydrothermal treatment, drying, and annealing. A similar methodology was used to synthesize TiO 2 and α-Fe 2O 3 nanoparticles. For comparison, a mixture hematite/titania, with Fe/Ti = 4% was also investigated. Characterization of the samples using Rietveld refinement of X-ray diffraction data revealed that TiO 2 consisted of 82% anatase and 18% brookite; for Fe:TiO 2, brookite increased to 30% and hematite was also identified (0.5, 1.0, and 1.2 wt % for samples prepared with 1, 3, and 5% of Fe/Ti). For hematite/titania mixture, Fe/Ti was estimated as 4.4%, indicating the Rietveld method reliability for estimation of phase composition. Because the band gap energy, estimated as 3.2 eV for TiO 2, gradually ranged from 3.0 to 2.7 eV with increasing Fe content at Fe:TiO 2, it can be assumed that a Fe fraction was also inserted as dopant in the TiO 2 lattice. Extended X-ray absorption fine structure spectra obtained for the Ti K-edge and Fe K-edge indicated that absorbing Fe occupied a Ti site in the TiO 2 lattice, but hematite features were not observed. Hematite particles also could not be identified in the images obtained by transmission electron microscopy, in spite of iron identification by elemental mapping, suggesting that hematite can be segregated at the grain boundaries of Fe:TiO 2. © 2012 American Chemical Society.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1021/am301444k
Date Issue: 2012
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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