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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Turing Patterns And Apparent Competition In Predator-prey Food Webs On Networks|
De Aguiar M.A.M.
|Abstract:||Reaction-diffusion systems may lead to the formation of steady-state heterogeneous spatial patterns, known as Turing patterns. Their mathematical formulation is important for the study of pattern formation in general and plays central roles in many fields of biology, such as ecology and morphogenesis. Here we show that Turing patterns may have a decisive role in shaping the abundance distribution of predators and prey living in patchy landscapes. We extend the original model proposed by Nakao and Mikhailov by considering food chains with several interacting pairs of prey and predators distributed on a scale-free network of patches. We identify patterns of species distribution displaying high degrees of apparent competition driven by Turing instabilities. Our results provide further indication that differences in abundance distribution among patches can be generated dynamically by self organized Turing patterns and not only by intrinsic environmental heterogeneity. © 2012 American Physical Society.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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