Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Cholesterol Reduction Ameliorates Glucose-induced Calcium Handling And Insulin Secretion In Islets From Low-density Lipoprotein Receptor Knockout Mice|
De Oliveira C.A.
|Abstract:||Aims/hypothesis Changes in cellular cholesterol level may contribute to beta cell dysfunction. Islets from low density lipoprotein receptor knockout (LDLR-/-) mice have higher cholesterol content and secrete less insulin than wild-type (WT) mice. Here, we investigated the association between cholesterol content, insulin secretion and Ca2 + handling in these islets. Methods Isolated islets from both LDLR-/- and WT mice were used for measurements of insulin secretion (radioimmunoassay), cholesterol content (fluorimetric assay), cytosolic Ca2 + level (fura-2AM) and SNARE protein expression (VAMP-2, SNAP-25 and syntaxin-1A). Cholesterol was depleted by incubating the islets with increasing concentrations (0-10 mmol/l) of methyl-beta-cyclodextrin (MβCD). Results The first and second phases of glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS) were lower in LDLR-/- than in WT islets, paralleled by an impairment of Ca2 + handling in the former. SNAP-25 and VAMP-2, but not syntaxin-1A, were reduced in LDLR -/- compared with WT islets. Removal of excess cholesterol from LDLR-/- islets normalized glucose- and tolbutamide-induced insulin release. Glucose-stimulated Ca2 + handling was also normalized in cholesterol-depleted LDLR-/- islets. Cholesterol removal from WT islets by 0.1 and 1.0 mmol/l MβCD impaired both GSIS and Ca2 + handling. In addition, at 10 mmol/l MβCD WT islet showed a loss of membrane integrity and higher DNA fragmentation. Conclusion Abnormally high (LDLR -/- islets) or low cholesterol content (WT islets treated with MβCD) alters both GSIS and Ca2 + handling. Normalization of cholesterol improves Ca2 + handling and insulin secretion in LDLR-/- islets. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.