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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Management Of Pain Associated With The Insertion Of Intrauterine Contraceptives|
|Abstract:||Background: Most intrauterine contraception (IUC) placements do not require pain relief. However, small proportions of nulliparous (~17%) and parous (~11%) women experience substantial pain that needs to be proactively managed. This review critically evaluates the evidence for pain management strategies, formulates evidence-based recommendations and identifies data gaps and areas for further research. Methods: A PubMed literature search was undertaken. Relevant articles on management of pain associated with IUC insertion, published in English between 1980 and November 2012, were identified using the following search terms: 'intrauterine contraception', 'insertion' and 'pain'. RCTs were included; further relevant articles were also identified and included as appropriate. Results: Seventeen studies were identified and included: 12 RCTs and one non-randomized study of pre-insertion oral analgesia, cervical priming and local anaesthesia; one systematic review and one RCT on post-insertion analgesia and two non-randomized studies on non-pharmacological interventions. There was no conclusive evidence that any prophylactic pharmacological intervention reduces pain associated with IUC insertion.However, most of the regimens studiedwere adopted from hysteroscopy or abortion and effectiveness in specific subsets ofwomenhas not been studied adequately.Asystematic review found non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAID) to be effective in reactively treating postinsertion pain, but no benefit was found with prophylactic use. Conclusions: No prophylactic pharmacological intervention has been adequately evaluated to support routine use for pain reduction during or after IUC insertion.Women's anxiety about the procedure may contribute to higher levels of perceived pain, which highlights the importance of counselling, and creating a trustworthy, unhurried and professional atmosphere in which the experience of the provider also has a major role; a situation frequently referred to as 'verbal anaesthesia'.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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