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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Livelihood Diversity, Food Security And Resilience Among The Caiçara Of Coastal Brazil
Author: Hanazaki N.
Berkes F.
Seixas C.S.
Peroni N.
Abstract: To analyze the relationships between local livelihoods and vulnerability to food insecurity, using a resilience approach, we interviewed 350 households from seven mixed-heritage Caiçara communities in Paraty, Brazil. Fishing was a livelihood activity for 70 % of the households, and the main declared activity for 16 %. Fishing was combined with other activities such as day-wage jobs, tourism, agriculture, and commerce. Livelihood activities were not homogeneously distributed among communities, and a higher proportion of fishing households were found in generalist communities. Food insecurity appeared to be transitory (and not chronic), and fishing is central to food security. Small-scale fisheries cannot be seen in isolation from the diversity of activities that make up the livelihood portfolios of coastal communities. In view of rapid change in the area, pressures from protected areas, large-scale fisheries, tourism development and economic change in general, threaten the resilience of Caiçara livelihoods, with implications for future food insecurity. © 2012 Springer Science+Business Media New York.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s10745-012-9553-9
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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