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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The Need For Artificial Tears In Glaucoma Patients: A Comparative, Retrospective Study
Author: Costa V.P.
Da Silva R.S.
Renato Jr. A.
Abstract: Purpose: To evaluate the need for artificial tears by glaucoma patients undertopical hypotensive treatment and to identify risk factors associated with it. Methods: The charts of 175 glaucoma patients under medical treatment and 175age-matched controls were reviewed. Age, gender, use of artificial tears, number of glaucoma medications used, and duration of treatment were recorded. Results: Significantly more glaucoma patients (n=92; 52.6%) used artificial tearscompared to age-matched controls (n=31; 17.7%) (p<0.001). Significantly morefemales (n=81; 39%) than males (n=42; 28.9%) used artificial tears (p=0.036). Whenthe whole population was analyzed, female gender (OR=1.63) and the presenceof glaucoma (OR= 5.14) were risk factors for the use of artificial tears (p<0.05).When the glaucoma population was analyzed, female gender (OR=2.57), numberof medications >2 (OR=1.92), and duration of treatment >5 years (OR=2.93) wererisk factors for the use of artificial tears (p<0.05).Conclusions: Topical treatment with antiglaucoma medication is a risk factor forthe use of artificial tears. Female gender and long-term treatment of glaucoma with two or more medications were aggravating factors for the need for artificial tears.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0004-27492013000100003
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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