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Type: Artigo de evento
Title: Cytotoxicity Of Solid Lipid Nanoparticles And Nanostructured Lipid Carriers Containing The Local Anesthetic Dibucaine Designed For Topical Application
Author: Barbosa R.M.
Da Silva C.M.G.
Bella T.S.
De Araujo D.R.
Marcato P.D.
Duran N.
De Paula E.
Abstract: Dibucaine (DBC) is powerful long-lasting local anesthetic, but it is also considered fairly toxic to the CNS. Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) and nanostructured lipid carriers (NLC) have attracted attention as carriers for drug delivery. The aim of this study was to develop and to evaluate the cytotoxic activity of DBC-loaded SLN and NLC against 3T3 fibroblast and HaCat keratinocyte cells. The SLN and NLC had myristyl myristate and Liponate®GC as their lipid matrices, respectively, plus a surfactant. SLN and NLC were characterized in terms in their diameter, size distribution, surface charge and DBC encapsulation efficiency. The particle size of SLN and NLC were around 234.33 and 166.62 nm, respectively. The polydispersity index was kept below 0.2 for both nanomaterials. Negative surface charges were observed for both nanoparticles, which decreased in the presence of the anesthetic. Encapsulation efficiency reached 76% and 90%, respectively, in SLN and NLC. DBC alone was found to be toxic to 3T3 and HaCat cells in culture. However, NLC and SLN loaded DBC decreased its intrinsic cytotoxic effect against 3T3 and HaCat cells. In conclusion, encapsulation of DBC in SLN and NLC decreased the in vitro toxicity of the local anesthetic, indicating the potential of these nanocarriers for clinical applications. © IOP Publishing Ltd 2013.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/429/1/012035
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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