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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Pharmacokinetic And Pharmacodynamic Evaluation Of A Nanotechnological Topical Formulation Of Lidocaine/prilocaine (nanorap) In Healthy Volunteers|
Antonio de Oliveira M.
de Souza W.
de Nucci G.
|Abstract:||BACKGROUND:: Nanorap is a new nanotechnological formulation for topical anesthesia composed of lidocaine (2.5%) and prilocaine (2.5%). The present study evaluated the pharmacokinetics (PK) of Nanorap. For the determination of lidocaine and prilocaine in human plasma a new method using high-performance liquid-chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry was developed. Nanorap pharmacodynamic (PD) and its physical proprieties were also evaluated.METHODS:: Nanorap was administered by topical application of 2g to healthy volunteers and blood samples were collected for the PK analysis. The drugs were extracted from plasma by liquid-liquid extraction with ether/hexane (80/20, v/v). The chromatography separation was performed on a Genesis C18 analytical column 4 µm (100 x 2.1 mm i.d.) with a mobile phase of methanol/acetonitrile/water (40/30/30, for lidocaine, and 50/30/20, for prilocaine, v/v/v) + 2 mM of ammonium acetate and ropivacaine as internal standard. The drugs were quantified using a mass spectrometer with an electrospray source in the ESI positive mode (ES+) configured for multiple reaction monitoring. The PD of Nanorap was evaluated with the use of a visual analogue scale. Nanorap was characterized by cryofracture.RESULTS:: The chromatography run time was 5.5 min for lidocaine and 3.3 min for prilocaine and the lower limit of quantification was 0.05 ng/mL for both drugs. Mean Cmax was 6.62 and 1.72 ng/mL for lidocaine and prilocaine, respectively. Median Tmax was 6.5 hours for both drugs. Nanocapsules had a mean size of 88nm and mean drug association of 92.5% and 89% for lidocaine and prilocaine, respectively. The PD study showed that Nanorap has a sufficient analgesic effect (>30% reduction in pain) after 10 minutes of application.CONCLUSIONS:: A new simple, selective and sensitive method for determination of lidocaine and prilocaine in human plasma was developed. Nanorap generated safe plasma levels of the drugs and satisfactory analgesic effect.|
|Editor:||Lippincott Williams and Wilkins|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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