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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Influence Of Processing And Content Of Vinyl Acetate On The Properties Of Eva/organophilic Montmorillonite Nanocomposites [influência Das Condições De Mistura E Dos Teores De Acetato De Vinila E De Argila Nas Propriedades De Eva/montmorilonita Organofílica]
Author: De Queiroz D.D.
Souza P.M.S.
Bertucci J.E.D.S.
Vieira A.D.F.M.
Morales A.R.
Sarantopoulos C.I.G.D.L.
Abstract: The copolymer Ethylene Vinyl Acetate (EVA) is a polyolefin used mainly in packaging films, where its flexibility, toughness, elasticity and transparency are desirable attributes. The mechanical, thermal and barrier properties of EVA can be improved by the incorporation of inorganic fillers. Its polarity varies according to the content of Vinyl Acetate, which allows for nanocomposites to be obtained with organically modified clay, with no need to add compatibilizing agents. In this work nanocomposites of EVA and commercial organophilic montmorillonite were prepared by melt intercalation in a torque rheometer with rotors roller type, at 150°C for 10 minutes, monitoring the torque versus time. The concentration of Vinyl Acetate (19% and 28%), clay content (2% to 5%) and the rotors rotation (60 rpm to 100 rpm) were varied in order to investigate their influence on the characteristics of the nanocomposites. The clay structure, thermal stability, mechanical and barrier properties of the nanocomposites were evaluated by X-ray diffraction, thermal analysis, tensile testing, oxygen and water vapor transmission rates. Based on the permeability data, Nielsen's model was applied to assess the degree of clay exfoliation. The main results obtained from the factorial design are: (a) increasing the polarity of EVA led to an increase in the permeability to oxygen and water vapor of the material, (b) the clay content did not change the clay structure or the thermal stability of the nanocomposites, (c) increasing the concentration of clay increased the elastic modulus, decreased the elongation at break and significantly reduced the coefficient of permeability for oxygen and water vapor, (d) the rotation factor did not result in significant changes in any of the evaluated responses.
Editor: Associacao Brasileira de Polimeros
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/0104-1428.1598
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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