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Type: Artigo de evento
Title: Impact Of Hospital Infections On Patients Outcomes Undergoing Cardiac Surgery At Santa Casa De Misericórdia De Marília [impacto Das Infecções Hospitalares Na Evolução De Pacientes Submetidos à Cirurgia Cardíaca Na Santa Casa De Misericórdia De Marília]
Author: Conterno L.O.
Toni S.M.D.
Konkiewitz R.G.
Guedes E.S.
de Barros R.T.
Tiveron M.G.
Abstract: Objective: this study aimed to determine the incidence of nosocomial infections, the risk factors and the impact of these infections on mortality among patients undergoing to cardiac surgery. Methods: Retrospective cohort study of 2060 consecutive patients from 2006 to 2012 at the Santa Casa de Misericórdia de Marília. Results: 351 nosocomial infections were diagnosed (17%), 227 non-surgical infections and 124 surgical wound infections. Major infections were mediastinitis (2.0%), urinary tract infection (2.8%), pneumonia (2.3%), and bloodstream infection (1.7%). The in-hospital mortality was 6.4%. Independent variables associated with non-surgical infections were age ≥ 60 years (OR 1.59, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.31), ICU stay ≥ 2 days (OR 5, 49, 95% CI 2.98 to 10, 09), mechanical ventilation ≥ 2 days (OR11, 93, 95% CI 6.1 to 23.08), use of urinary catheter ≥ 3 days (OR 4.85 95% CI 2.95-7.99). Non-surgical nosocomial infections were more frequent in patients with surgical wound infection (32.3% versus 7.2%, OR 6.1, 95% CI 4.03 to 9.24). Independent variables associated with mortality were age greater than 60 years (OR 2.0; 95% CI 1.4 to3.0), use of vasoactive drugs (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.9 to 6, 0), insulin use (OR 1.8; 95% CI 1.2 to 2.8), surgical reintervention (OR 4.4; 95% CI 2.1 to 9.0) pneumonia (OR 4.3; 95% CI 2.1 to 8.9) and bloodstream infection (OR = 4.7, 95% CI 2.0 to 11.2). Conclusion: Non-surgical hospital infections are common in patients undergoing cardiac surgery; they increase the chance of surgical wound infection and mortality.
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.5935/1678-9741.20140037
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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