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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Association Between Breast Arterial Calcifications And Cardiovascular Risk Factors In Menopausal Women [associação Entre Calcificações Arteriais Mamárias E Fatores De Risco Para Doença Cardiovascular Em Mulheres Menopausadas]|
|Author:||de Almeida O.J.|
Pinto Neto A.M.
|Abstract:||PURPOSE: To analyze associations between mammographic arterial mammary calcifications in menopausal women and risk factors for cardiovascular disease. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional retrospective study, in which we analyzed the mammograms and medical records of 197 patients treated between 2004 and 2005. Study variables were: breast arterial calcifications, stroke, acute coronary syndrome, age, obesity, diabetes mellitus, smoking, and hypertension. For statistical analysis, we used the Mann-Whitney, χ2 and Cochran-Armitage tests, and also evaluated the prevalence ratios between these variables and mammary artery calcifications. Data were analyzed with the SAS version 9.1 software. RESULTS: In the group of 197 women, there was a prevalence of 36.6% of arterial calcifications on mammograms. Among the risk factors analyzed, the most frequent were hypertension (56.4%), obesity (31.9%), smoking (15.2%), and diabetes (14.7%). Acute coronary syndrome and stroke presented 5.6 and 2.0% of prevalence, respectively. Among the mammograms of women with diabetes, the odds ratio of mammary artery calcifications was 2.1 (95%CI 1.0-4.1), with p-value of 0.02. On the other hand, the mammograms of smokers showed the low occurrence of breast arterial calcification, with an odds ratio of 0.3 (95%CI 0.1-0.8). Hypertension, obesity, diabetes mellitus, stroke and acute coronary syndrome were not significantly associated with breast arterial calcification. CONCLUSION: The occurrence of breast arterial calcification was associated with diabetes mellitus and was negatively associated with smoking. The presence of calcification was independent of the other risk factors for cardiovascular disease analyzed.|
|Editor:||Federacao Brasileira das Sociedades de Ginecologia e Obstetricia|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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