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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Burkholderia Sp. Scms54 Triggers A Global Stress Defense In Tomato Enhancing Cadmium Tolerance|
|Abstract:||Cadmium is a toxic element for living organisms. This metal causes different damages to the cell, generating oxidative stress. In order to elucidate cadmium tolerance mechanism and increase tomato plant tolerance by inoculating a Cd-tolerant Burkholderia strain, we analyzed malondialdehyde, hydrogen peroxide content, and the antioxidant enzymes superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), and glutathione S-transferase of two strains, one isolated from a soil contaminated with Cd (strain SCMS54) and the other from a soil without Cd (strain SNMS32). Strains SNMS32 and SCMS54 exhibited different SOD, CAT, and GR isoenzyme profiles in non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis analysis, with strain SCMS54 exhibiting an extra isoenzyme for all enzymes (Mn-SOD, CAT I, and GR IV, respectively). Despite accumulating more Cd, strain SCMS54 did not increase peroxide hydrogen and presented a fast antioxidant response (increasing SOD and CAT after 5 h of Cd exposure). In this way, strain SCMS54 exhibited a higher metabolic diversity and plasticity when compared to strain SNMS32, so it was selected for Cd-Burkholderia-tomato interaction studies. Inoculated tomato plants in the presence of Cd grew more than non-inoculated plants with Cd indicating that the SCMS54 increased tomato Cd tolerance. It appears that the strain isolated from Cd-contaminated soil (SCMS54) triggers a global stress response in tomato increasing plant tolerance, which may enable plants to be cultivated in Cd-contaminated soils.|
|Editor:||Kluwer Academic Publishers|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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