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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Individual And Contextual Factors Associated With Malocclusion In Brazilian Children
Author: Brizon V.S.C.
Cortellazzi K.L.
Vazquez F.L.
Ambrosano G.M.B.
Pereira A.C.
Gomes V.E.
Oliveira A.C.
Abstract: Objective: To assess the association between the prevalence of malocclusion in Brazilian 12 years-olds with individual and contextual variables. Methods: A cross-sectional, analytical study was conducted with data from the Brazilian Oral Health Survey-SBBrazil 2010. The outcome studied was malocclusion, categorized as absent, set, severe and very severe. The independent variables were classifi ed as individual and contextual. Data were analyzed using a multilevel model with a 5% signifi cance level. Results: It was found that the prevalence of severe and very severe malocclusion in 12-year-olds did not differ between the Brazilian regions, although variation between the cities was signifi cant (p < 0.001). Male children (p = 0.033), those on lower income (p = 0.051), those who had visited a dentist (p = 0.009), with lower levels of satisfaction with mouth and teeth (p < 0.001) and embarrassed to smile (p < 0.001) had more severe malocclusion. The characteristics of the cities also affected the severity of malocclusion; cities with more families on social benefi ts per 1,000 inhabitants, with lower scores on the health care system performance index and lower gross domestic product per capita were signifi cantly associated with malocclusion. Conclusion: Signifi cant associations between the presence and severity of malocclusion were observed at the individual and contextual level.
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.1590/S0034-8910.2013047004426
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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