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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Study Of The Relationship Between The Degree Of Tinnitus Annoyance And The Presence Of Hyperacusis [estudo Da Relação Entre O Grau De Incômodo De Pacientes Com Zumbido E A Presença De Hiperacusia]
Author: Guimaraes A.C.
de Carvalho G.M.
Voltolini M.M.F.D.
Zappelini C.E.M.
Mezzalira R.
Stoler G.
Paschoal J.R.
Abstract: Introduction: Hyperacusis can be defined as a manifestation of an increased of central auditory pathways gain and can be considered a pre-tinnitus state. In some cases tinnitus can be caused by such increased gain. Aim: To evaluate the prevalence of hyperacusis in patients with tinnitus and its relation to the annoyance of tinnitus. Materials and methods: Retrospective study with patients from the neurotology service complaining of tinnitus in the first consultation were submitted to clinical evaluation, a questionnaire and audiological evaluation of tinnitus and hyperacusis. The degree of annoyance of tinnitus and hyperacusis was measured using a visual analog scale. Results: We analyzed medical records of 309 patients, 169 (54.7%) females and 140 (45.3%) males. The mean age was 53 years. The median degree of tinnitus annoyance was 7. Hypera-cusis was present in 57 (18.4%) patients, with a median degree of 5. The degree of annoyance due to tinnitus patients with hyperacusis was similar to that of patients without hyperacusis. Conclusion: Hyperacusis was present in 18.4% of patients with tinnitus. The degree of annoyance due to tinnitus had no correlation with the presence of hyperacusis. © 2014 Associação Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia Cérvico-Facial. Published by Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.
Editor: Sociedade Brasileira de Otorrinolaringologia
Rights: aberto
Identifier DOI: 10.5935/1808-8694.20140007
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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