Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/86405
Type: Artigo
Title: Continuous optical monitoring of cerebral hemodynamics during head-of-bed manipulation in brain-injured adults
Author: Kim, Meeri N.
Edlow, Brian L.
Durduran, Turgut
Frangos, Suzanne
Mesquita, Rickson C.
Levine, Joshua M.
Greenberg, Joel H.
Yodh, Arjun G.
Detre, John A.
Abstract: Introduction: Head-of-bed manipulation is commonly performed in the neurocritical care unit to optimize cerebral blood flow (CBF), but its effects on CBF are rarely measured. This pilot study employs a novel, non-invasive instrument combining two techniques, diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) for measurement of CBF and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for measurement of cerebral oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentrations, to monitor patients during head-of-bed lowering. Methods: Ten brain-injured patients and ten control subjects were monitored continuously with DCS and NIRS while the head-of-bed was positioned first at 30° and then at 0°. Relative CBF (rCBF) and concurrent changes in oxy- (ΔHbO2), deoxy- (ΔHb), and total-hemoglobin concentrations (ΔTHC) from left/right frontal cortices were monitored for 5 min at each position. Patient and control response differences were assessed. Results: rCBF, ΔHbO2, and ΔTHC responses to head lowering differed significantly between brain-injured patients and healthy controls (P < 0.02). For patients, rCBF changes were heterogeneous, with no net change observed in the group average (0.3 ± 28.2 %, P = 0.938). rCBF increased in controls (18.6 ± 9.4 %, P < 0.001). ΔHbO2, ΔHb, and ΔTHC increased with head lowering in both groups, but to a larger degree in brain-injured patients. rCBF correlated moderately with changes in cerebral perfusion pressure (R = 0.40, P < 0.001), but not intracranial pressure. Conclusion: DCS/NIRS detected differences in CBF and oxygenation responses of brain-injured patients versus controls during head-of-bed manipulation. This pilot study supports the feasibility of continuous bedside measurement of cerebrovascular hemodynamics with DCS/NIRS and provides the rationale for further investigation in larger cohorts. © 2013 Springer Science+Business Media.
Head-of-bed manipulation is commonly performed in the neurocritical care unit to optimize cerebral blood flow (CBF), but its effects on CBF are rarely measured. This pilot study employs a novel, non-invasive instrument combining two techniques, diffuse correlation spectroscopy (DCS) for measurement of CBF and near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) for measurement of cerebral oxy- and deoxy-hemoglobin concentrations, to monitor patients during head-of-bed lowering. Ten brain-injured patients and ten control subjects were monitored continuously with DCS and NIRS while the head-of-bed was positioned first at 30A degrees and then at 0A degrees. Relative CBF (rCBF) and concurrent changes in oxy- (Delta HbO(2)), deoxy- (Delta Hb), and total-hemoglobin concentrations (Delta THC) from left/right frontal cortices were monitored for 5 min at each position. Patient and control response differences were assessed. rCBF, Delta HbO(2), and Delta THC responses to head lowering differed significantly between brain-injured patients and healthy controls (P < 0.02). For patients, rCBF changes were heterogeneous, with no net change observed in the group average (0.3 +/- A 28.2 %, P = 0.938). rCBF increased in controls (18.6 +/- A 9.4 %, P < 0.001). Delta HbO(2), Delta Hb, and Delta THC increased with head lowering in both groups, but to a larger degree in brain-injured patients. rCBF correlated moderately with changes in cerebral perfusion pressure (R = 0.40, P < 0.001), but not intracranial pressure. DCS/NIRS detected differences in CBF and oxygenation responses of brain-injured patients versus controls during head-of-bed manipulation. This pilot study supports the feasibility of continuous bedside measurement of cerebrovascular hemodynamics with DCS/NIRS and provides the rationale for further investigation in larger cohorts.
Subject: Espectroscopia de correlação de difusão
Espectroscopia de emissão no infravermelho próximo
Espectroscopia ótica de difusão
Country: Alemanha
Editor: Springer
Citation: Neurocritical Care. Humana Press Inc., v. 20, n. 3, p. 443 - 453, 2014.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s12028-013-9849-7
Address: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12028-013-9849-7
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:IFGW - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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