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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Discrimination Of Brazilian Artisanal And Inspected Pork Sausages: Application Of Unsupervised, Linear And Non-linear Supervised Chemometric Methods
Author: Matera J.A.
Cruz A.G.
Raices R.S.L.
Silva M.C.
Nogueira L.C.
Quiterio S.L.
Cavalcanti R.N.
Freiras M.Q.
Conte Junior C.A.
Abstract: The performance of different chemometric approaches to discriminate artisanal and industrial pork sausages using traditional physicochemical parameters was investigated. A total of 90 samples of sausages marketed in various supermarkets and open-markets in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil were analyzed for their content of moisture, protein, fat, nitrite, sodium and calcium. Principal component analysis (PCA) and hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA) were used as exploratory methods, while linear and non-linear classification methods, such as k-nearest neighbors (k-NN), soft independent modeling of class analogy (SIMCA), partial least square discriminant analysis (PLSDA) and artificial neural networks (ANN) were used for assessing the data. Different behaviors for all parameters were analyzed between the classes. Principal component analysis and hierarchical cluster analysis did not show a complete discrimination of the samples. KNN and ANN results showed excellent performance for both categories with 100% correct prediction while SIMCA and PLSDA presented performance of 100% and 85.7% for inspected and artisanal sausages, respectively. According to the SIMCA, PLSDA and ANN, the contents of moisture and fat showed the highest discriminative power. Overall, the findings emphasize the use of multivariate techniques to evaluate the quality of processed foods, as pork sausages. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd.
Editor: Elsevier Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.foodres.2014.07.003
Date Issue: 2014
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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