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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Antiangiogenic Therapy Effects On Age-associated Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 (mmp-9) And Insulin-like Growth Factor Receptor-1 (igfr-1) Responses: A Comparative Study Of Prostate Disorders In Aged And Tramp Mice|
|Abstract:||Senescence is associated with hormonal imbalance and prostatic disorders. Angiogenesis is fundamental for the progression of malignant lesions and is a promising target for prostate cancer treatment. The aim was to characterize matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and insulin-like growth factor receptor-1 (IGFR-1) responses in the prostate during senescence and following antiangiogenic and/or androgen ablation therapies, comparing them to cancer progression features in TRAMP mice. Aged male mice (52-week-old FVB) were submitted to antiangiogenic treatments with SU5416 (6 mg/kg; i.p.) and/or TNP-470 (15 mg/kg; s.c). Finasteride (20 mg/kg; s.c.) was administered alone or associated to both inhibitors. Dorsolateral prostate was collected for light microscopy, and immunohistochemistry and Western blotting collected for MMP-9 and IGFR-1. Senescence led to inflammation and different proliferative lesions in the prostate, as well as to increased MMP-9 and IGFR-1, resembling TRAMP mice prostatic microenvironment. Antiangiogenic therapies promoted recovery and/or interruption of age-associated alterations, presenting differential effects on the molecules studied. SU5416 acted mainly on MMP-9, whereas TNP-470 showed its best influence on IGFR-1 levels. Finasteride administration, alone or in combination with antiangiogenic agents, also resulted in regression of inflammation and neoplastic lesions, besides having a negative modulatory effect on both MMP-9 and IGFR-1. We concluded that stimulated tissue remodeling and proliferative processes during senescence predisposed the prostate to malignant disorders. The combination of different agents was more effective to minimize prostatic imbalance during this period, probably due to the differential action of each drug on factors involved in cell proliferation and extracellular matrix remodeling, resulting in a broader spectrum of effects following the combined treatment. © 2014 Springer-Verlag.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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