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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Enhanced Endothelium-dependent Relaxation Of Rat Pulmonary Artery Following β-adrenergic Overstimulation: Involvement Of The No/cgmp/vasp Pathway|
|Abstract:||Aims: The aim of this study was to investigate whether β-adrenoceptor (β-AR) overstimulation induced by in vivo treatment with isoproterenol (ISO) alters vascular reactivity and nitric oxide (NO) production and signaling in pulmonary arteries. Main methods: Vehicle or ISO (0.3mgkg-1 day-1) was administered daily to male Wistar rats. After 7days, the jugular vein was cannulated to assess right ventricular (RV) systolic pressure (SP) and end diastolic pressure (EDP). The extralobar pulmonary arteries were isolated to evaluate the relaxation responses, protein expression (Western blot), NO production (diaminofluorescein-2 fluorescence), and cyclic guanosine 3',5'-monophosphate (cGMP) levels (enzyme immunoassay kit). Key findings: ISO treatment induced RV hypertrophy; however, no differences in RV-SP and EDP were observed. The pulmonary arteries from the ISO-treated group showed enhanced relaxation to acetylcholine that was abolished by the NO synthase (NOS) inhibitor Nω-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME); whereas relaxation elicited by sodium nitroprusside, ISO, metaproterenol, mirabegron, or KCl was not affected by ISO treatment. ISO-treated rats displayed enhanced endothelial NOS (eNOS) and vasodilator-stimulated phosphoprotein (VASP) expression in the pulmonary arteries, while phosphodiesterase-5 protein expression decreased. ISO treatment increased NO and cGMP levels and did not induce eNOS uncoupling. Significance: The present data indicate that β-AR overactivation enhances the endothelium-dependent relaxation of pulmonary arteries. This effect was linked to an increase in eNOS-derived NO production, cGMP formation and VASP content and to a decrease in phosphodiesterase-5 expression. Therefore, elevated NO bioactivity through cGMP/VASP signaling could represent a protective mechanism of β-AR overactivation on pulmonary circulation.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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