Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://repositorio.unicamp.br/jspui/handle/REPOSIP/85560
Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Apoplastic And Intracellular Plant Sugars Regulate Developmental Transitions In Witches' Broom Disease Of Cacao
Author: Barau J.
Grandis A.
Carvalho V.M.D.A.
Teixeira G.S.
Zaparoli G.H.A.
Do Rio M.C.S.
Rincones J.
Buckeridge M.S.
Pereira G.A.G.
Abstract: Witches' broom disease (WBD) of cacao differs from other typical hemibiotrophic plant diseases by its unusually long biotrophic phase. Plant carbon sources have been proposed to regulate WBD developmental transitions; however, nothing is known about their availability at the plant-fungus interface, the apoplastic fluid of cacao. Data are provided supporting a role for the dynamics of soluble carbon in the apoplastic fluid in prompting the end of the biotrophic phase of infection. Carbon depletion and the consequent fungal sensing of starvation were identified as key signalling factors at the apoplast. MpNEP2, a fungal effector of host necrosis, was found to be up-regulated in an autophagic-like response to carbon starvation in vitro. In addition, the in vivo artificial manipulation of carbon availability in the apoplastic fluid considerably modulated both its expression and plant necrosis rate. Strikingly, infected cacao tissues accumulated intracellular hexoses, and showed stunted photosynthesis and the up-regulation of senescence markers immediately prior to the transition to the necrotrophic phase. These opposite findings of carbon depletion and accumulation in different host cell compartments are discussed within the frame of WBD development. A model is suggested to explain phase transition as a synergic outcome of fungal-related factors released upon sensing of extracellular carbon starvation, and an early senescence of infected tissues probably triggered by intracellular sugar accumulation.
Editor: Oxford University Press
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1093/jxb/eru485
Address: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84924350343&partnerID=40&md5=fa8980959c4bc82cdb6775a2bd561a4f
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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