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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: The Beta-3 Adrenoceptor Agonist, Mirabegron Relaxes Isolated Prostate From Human And Rabbit: New Therapeutic Indication?
Author: Calmasini F.B.
Candido T.Z.
Alexandre E.C.
D'Ancona C.A.
Silva D.
De Oliveira M.A.
De Nucci G.
Antunes E.
Monica F.Z.
Abstract: BACKGROUND. Alpha1 (α1)-blockers, 5-alpha reductase and phosphodiesterase type-5 inhibitors are pharmacological classes currently available for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) treatment. Mirabegron, a beta-3 adrenoceptor (β3-AR) agonist has been approved for the therapy of overactive bladder and may constitute a new therapeutic option for BPH treatment. This study is aimed to evaluate the in vitro effects of mirabegron in human and rabbit prostatic smooth muscle. METHODS. In rabbit prostate, electrical field stimulation (EFS)-induced contraction and concentration-response curve (CRC) to mirabegron in phenylephrine pre-contracted tissues were carried out. The potency (pEC50) and maximal response (Emax) values were determined. In human prostate, CRC to phenylephrine was carried out in the absence and presence of mirabegron. Immunohistochemistry analysis for β3-AR was also carried out. RESULTS. In human prostate, immunohistochemistry analysis revealed the presence of β3-AR on the transition zone and mirabegron reduced by 42% the phenylephrine-induced contractions. In rabbit prostate, mirabegron produced concentration-dependent relaxations (pEC50: 6.01 ± 0.12; Emax: 106 ± 3%), which were fully resistant to the blockade of β1-AR and β2-AR. The β3-AR blocker L748,337 caused a six-fold rightward shift in mirabegron-induced relaxations. Mirabegron (10 μM) reduced by 63% the EFS-induced contractions. Inhibitors of nitric oxide (L-NAME) and of soluble guanylate cyclase (ODQ) along with a cocktail of K+ channel blockers (apamin, charybdotoxin, glibenclamide, tetraethylammonium) all failed to significantly affect the mirabegron-induced rabbit relaxations. CONCLUSION. Mirabegron relaxes prostatic smooth muscle, providing an experimental support for the clinical investigation of its combination with an α1-blockers or PDE5 inhibitors in the treatment of BPH.
Editor: John Wiley and Sons Inc.
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/pros.22930
Date Issue: 2015
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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