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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Modification of fibre surfaces during pulping and refining as analysed by SEM, XPS and ToF-SIMS
Author: Fardim, P
Duran, N
Abstract: The effects of laboratory pulping and refining on the surface properties of eucalyptus kraft pulp fibres were investigated using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS or ESCA) and Time-of-Flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry (ToF-SIMS). Refining affected fibre structure, surface morphology, lignin (phi(lig)), carbohydrate (phi(carb)) and extractive (phi(ext)) surface coverage. The phi(lig) and phi(carb), estimated with XPS, decreased and increased with refining, respectively. The phi(ext) changed according to the pulping conditions. Cellulose, xylan, lignin, sterols, fatty acids and their salts were identified by ToF-SIMS. Significant changes in the normalized ToF-SIMS peak intensities were observed after refining. The release of xylan and fatty acid salt aggregates formed in pulping and entrapped in the cell wall pores with subsequent adhesion to the fibre external surfaces was suggested as a source of surface chemical modification by refining. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Subject: eucalyptus pulp
surface chemistry
fatty acid salts
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/S0927-7757(03)00149-3
Date Issue: 2003
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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