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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Modelling parasitism and predation of mosquitoes by water mites|
|Abstract:||Parasitism and predation are two ecological interactions that can occur simultaneously between two species. This is the case of Culicidae (Insecta: Diptera) and water mites (Acari: Hydrachnidia). The larva mites are parasites of aquatic and semiaquatic insects, and deutonymphs and adults are predators of insect larvae and eggs. Since several families of water mites are associated with mosquitoes there is an interest in the potential use of these mites as biological control agents. The aim of this paper is to use mathematical modelling and analysis to assess the impact of predation and parasitism in the mosquito population. We propose a system of ordinary differential equations to model the interactions among the larval and adult stages of mosquitoes and water mites. The model exhibits three equilibria: the first equilibrium point corresponds to the state where the two species are absent, the second one to the state where only mosquitoes are present (water mites need insects to complete their life cycle), and the third one is the coexistence equilibrium. We analyze conditions for the asymptotic stability of equilibria, supported by analytical and numerical methods. We discuss the different scenarios that appear when we change the parasitism and predation parameters. High rates of parasitism and moderate predation can drive two species to a stable coexistence.|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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