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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Modelling of mass transfer and texture evaluation during osmotic dehydration of melon under vacuum
Author: Ferrari, CC
Arballo, JR
Mascheroni, RH
Hubinger, MD
Abstract: P>The influence of vacuum time and solution concentration on mass transfer and mechanical properties of osmodehydrated melon cubes has been studied. Pulsed vacuum osmotic dehydration (PVOD) was carried out at 30 degrees C for 4 h, using sucrose solutions (40, 50 or 60 degrees Brix) and applying a vacuum pulse (100 mbar for 5, 10 or 15 min). Kinetics of water loss, solid gain and stress at rupture were analysed, as well as effective diffusivities using the hydrodynamic model. The increase in solution concentration favoured water removal, but no significant effect of vacuum time was observed. The use of less concentrated solutions coupled to the action of vacuum pulse resulted in greater solid uptake. Samples subjected to PVOD using 60 degrees Brix sucrose solution presented greater water loss, lower sugar uptake and better maintenance of fresh fruit texture throughout the process. Diffusion coefficients estimated by the hydrodynamic model showed a good fit to the experimental data.
Subject: Cucumis melo L
effective diffusivity
hydrodynamic model
pulsed vacuum osmotic dehydration
stress at rupture
sucrose solution
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-blackwell Publishing, Inc
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2621.2010.02510.x
Date Issue: 2011
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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