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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Modeling the quantum evolution of the universe through classical matter
Author: Pitelli, JPM
Letelier, PS
Abstract: It is well known that the canonical quantization of the Friedmann-LemaItre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) filled with a perfect fluid leads to nonsingular universes which, for later times, behave as their classical counterpart. This means that the expectation value of the scale factor never vanishes and, as , we recover the classical expression for the scale factor. In this paper, we show that such universes can be reproduced by classical cosmology given that the universe is filled with an exotic matter. In the case of a perfect fluid, we find an implicit equation of state (EoS). We then show that this single fluid with an implict EoS is equivalent to two non-interacting fluids, one of them representing stiff matter with negative energy density. In the case of two non-interacting scalar fields, one of them of the phantom type, we find their potential energy. In both cases we find that quantum mechanics changes completely the configuration of matter for small values of time, by adding a fluid or a scalar field with negative energy density. As time passes, the density of negative energy decreases and we recover the ordinary content of the classical universe. The more the initial wave function of the universe is concentrated around the classical big bang singularity, the more it is necessary to add negative energy, since this type of energy will be responsible for the removal of the classical singularity.
Subject: Quantum cosmology
Equation of state
Bouncing universe
Country: EUA
Editor: Springer/plenum Publishers
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1007/s10714-013-1531-z
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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