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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Multi-wire time domain reflectometry (TDR) probe with electrical impedance discontinuities for measuring water content distribution|
|Abstract:||The adequate estimation of water content distribution in wetted volume is fundamental in determining the number of drippers per plant and their location below the plant canopy in drip irrigation. Measurements of water content distribution are usually made by opening trenches, which is a time-consuming method and sometimes imprecise. Recent scientific developments have created the possibility of monitoring the soil moisture content using electronic sensors. The objective of this research was to develop and test two multi-wire time domain reflectometry (TDR) probes with electrical impedance discontinuities (referred to as the multi-wire probe) for sensing soil profile water content distribution. The experiment was divided in two parts. In part one, the laboratory performance of two multi-wire probe designs was studied and their reliability to monitor the water content variation in a porous media profile was evaluated. The second part was conducted in a 250 l bucket and the soil water content distribution, for an application depth of 15 mm, was evaluated by monitoring over 6 days at discharge rates of 2 and 4 l h(-1). The results demonstrated the viability of using multi-wire probes to estimate soil water content distribution with different probe designs and to consistently obtain water content measurement in water dynamic processes. The following conclusion may drawn from the main results: (1) The measured characteristic impedance of the multi-wire probe for different designs was not the same as that geometrically calculated. This was due to the non-ideal probe geometry which provoked signal loss, thus, hindering peak impedance interpretation, mainly for probe 1 design. (2) The use of multi-wire probes in the TDR equipment showed a speedy determination of soil profile water content distribution using a single measurement. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.|
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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