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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Multiple-signaling pathways are involved in the inhibitory effects of galangin on urinary bladder contractility
Author: Dambros, M
de Jongh, R
van Koeveringe, GA
van Deutekom, M
De Mey, JGR
Palma, PCR
van Kerrebroeck, PE
Abstract: Aims: Flavonoids comprise a large group of natural polyphenolic compounds, which possess a wide spectrum of physiological and pharmacological effects. Recently, the flavonoid galangin was found to modulate smooth muscle contractility. The aim of the present study was to investigate the mechanism of actions of galangin on pig bladder smooth muscle and to characterize its potential as an alternative inhibitor of bladder smooth muscle contraction. Materials and Methods: Strips of pig detrusor muscle were mounted in separate 6-ml organ baths containing Krebs solution. The contractile response to carbachol (10(-8)- 10(-4) M), potassium (2 X 10(-2) -10(-1)M), and electrical field stimulation-EFS (2-32 Hz) were determined before and after the addition of galangin (3 X 10(-5) M). The contractile responses to carbachol in calcium-free Krebs' solution plus EGTA and L-type channel blocker were determined in the absence and presence of the flavonoid. Furthermore, the effect of galangin was also evaluated after the administration in the bath of a number of antagonists/inhibitors including a combination of propranolol, phentolamine, capsazepine, and verapamil. Student's t-test and one factor ANOVA were used to determine the statistical significance of the effects. Results: Galangin inhibited the maximal contractile response to carbachol and potassium by 57.41% (P < 0.01) and 33.52% (P < 0.05), respectively. The maximum force of the carbachol-evoked contractions in calcium-free solution after incubation with galangin was 32% of the maximum initial force (E-max (.) (initial): 5.8387 +/- 0.72 mN, E-max (.) (Galangin): 1.9157 +/- 0.30 mN, P < 0.01). The maximal contractile responses to EFS at 2,4,8,16, and 32 Hz were reduced, compared to control, by 91.61% (P < 0.01), 79.46% (P < 0.01), 70.54% (P < 0.01), 61.10% (P < 0.01), and 9.8% (P > 0.05), respectively. The inhibitory effect of galangin was unaffected by a combination of propranolol, phentolamine, and capsazepine (P > 0.05). However, when verapamil was added to the medium, the inhibitory effects of galangin were partially blocked. Conclusions: Galangin, at high concentrations, exerts an inhibitory effect on pig bladder smooth muscle contractility through the inhibition of calcium influx and the modulation of intracellular calcium movement. Furthermore, we have demonstrated that the inhibitory effect of galangin involves, at least in part, L-type calcium channels pathways. Neurourol. Urodynam. 24369-373, 2005. (c) 2005 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Subject: bladder
smooth muscle
Country: EUA
Editor: Wiley-liss
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1002/nau.20138
Date Issue: 2005
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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