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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||Mutans streptococci oral colonization in 12-30-month-old Brazilian children over a one-year follow-up period|
|Abstract:||Objectives: The infection levels of mutans streptococci were investigated during a one-year follow-up in children aged 12 to 30 months attending school nurseries where a sucrose-rich diet was provided. Methods: Oral levels of mutans streptococci obtained from 101 children at baseline and after a one-year follow-up were compared by age, number of teeth, feeding habits, and presence of visible plaque at baseline. Baseline predictors and changes in mutans streptococci levels during the study were compared to caries incidence after one year Results: Fluctuations in mutans streptococci levels during the follow-up period were not related to feeding habits or presence of visible plaque. Mutans streptococci levels increased after one year among children aged 12 to 24 months, while a significantly higher proportion of those aged 25-30 months showed a decrease in mutans streptococci levels during the study. Multiple logistic regression analysis suggested that high levels of mutans streptococci (greater than or equal to 100 cfu) at baseline were associated with a higher caries increment, while reduction in mutans streptococci was negatively associated with caries incidence. Conclusions: Our data suggest that despite early mutans streptococci infection and high exposure to sucrose, mutans streptococci may achieve relatively stable levels after 2 years of age. Heavy colonization by mutans streptococci in an early age was related to an extremely high caries incidence during childhood, while decreasing levels of mutans streptococci can be associated to the decrease in caries activity.|
|Editor:||Aaphd National Office|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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