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|Title:||Nitric oxide modulates eosinophil infiltration in antigen-induced airway inflammation in rats|
De Luca, I.M.S.
De Nucci, G.
|Abstract:||The influence of nitric oxide (NO) on eosinophil infiltration into the airways was investigated in rats actively sensitized with ovalbumin. The animals were treated chronically with the NO synthase inhibitor, N-omega-Nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME; 75 mu mol rat(-1) day(-1)), for 4 weeks. Bronchoalveolar lavage was performed at 6, 24, 48 and 72 h after intratracheal injection of ovalbumin. Intratracheal challenge of the sensitized rats with ovalbumin caused a significant increase in total leucocyte infiltration in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid both 24 and 48 h post-ovalbumin injection. Neutrophils and eosinophils peaked, respectively, at 24 h (29%) and 48 h (30%) in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid whereas the mononuclear cell did not differ significantly from the counts in non-sensitized rats at any time. At both 6 and 24 h post-ovalbumin injection, the chronic treatment of the animals with L-NAME affected neither the total nor the differential leucocyte content. However, at 48 h post-ovalbumin challenge, the total cell count was reduced by approximately 48% in the L-NAME-treated animals and this was associated with a marked inhibition (81%) of the eosinophil influx. Histological examination of the lungs from these animals (48 h post-ovalbumin challenge) also showed a prominent reduction (69.5%; P < 0.05) of the eosinophil infiltration in the respiratory segments. Our results demonstrate that NO plays a pivotal role in the eosinophil infiltration in airways of actively sensitized rats|
|Citation:||European Journal Of Pharmacology. Elsevier Science Bv, v. 358, n. 3, n. 253, n. 259, 1998.|
|Appears in Collections:||FCM - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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