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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Optimization of process conditions for the production of films based on the flour from plantain bananas (Musa paradisiaca)
Author: Pelissari, FM
Andrade-Mahecha, MM
Sobral, PJD
Menegalli, FC
Abstract: In this work, the casting process has been employed for the production of flour films from plantain bananas (Musa paradisiaca); glycerol has been used as plasticizer. The influence of process conditions such as the glycerol concentration (Cg), the process temperature (Tp), the drying temperature (Td), and the relative humidity (RH) on the mechanical, barrier, and optical properties of banana flour films has been evaluated by means of a central composite design. The results have been statistically analyzed by the response surface methodology and desirability function, and the optimal process conditions for film formation have been determined. The process variables have a significant impact on the mechanical properties, water vapor permeability (WVP), and opacity of the films, but these features are mostly affected by the Cg parameter. Compared to other biodegradable films, the banana flour film displays high opacity, low solubility in water, good WVP and flexibility, and excellent mechanical strength and rigidity. The desirability function employed here has allowed for the establishment of the optimal process conditions, which are Cg = 19 g of glycerol/IOU g of flour, Tp = 81 degrees C, Td = 54 degrees C, and RH = 48%, proving to be an effective tool for this type of study. Published by Elsevier Ltd.
Subject: Banana flour
Biodegradable films
Experimental design
Mechanical properties
Barrier properties
Country: Holanda
Editor: Elsevier Science Bv
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.lwt.2013.01.011
Date Issue: 2013
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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