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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Optimization of extraction of high-ester pectin from passion fruit peel (Passiflora edulis flavicarpa) with citric acid by using response surface methodology
Author: Pinheiro, ER
Silva, IMDA
Gonzaga, LV
Amante, ER
Teofilo, RF
Ferreira, MMC
Amboni, RDMC
Abstract: A central composite design was employed to optimize the extraction of pectin with citric acid. The independent variables were citric acid concentration (0.086-2.91% w/v) and extraction time (17-102 min). The combined effect of these variables on the degree of esterification was investigated. Results have shown that the generated regression models adequately explained the data variation and significantly represented the actual relationship between the independent variables and the responses. Besides that, the citric acid concentration was the most important factor to affect the degree of esterification, as it exerted a significant influence on the dependent variable. Lower citric acid concentration increased the pectin degree of esterification. The surface response showed the relationships between the independent variables, and thus responses were generated. Through this surface, the satisfactory condition of 0.086% w/v citric acid for 60 min was established for extraction of high-ester yellow passion fruit pectin. (C) 2007 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Subject: pectin extraction
passion fruit peel
degree of esterification
response surface methodology
central composite design
Country: Inglaterra
Editor: Elsevier Sci Ltd
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1016/j.biortech.2007.10.058
Date Issue: 2008
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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