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|Type:||Artigo de periódico|
|Title:||OXIDATIVE DAMAGE OF MITOCHONDRIA INDUCED BY 5-AMINOLEVULINIC ACID - ROLE OF CA2+ AND MEMBRANE-PROTEIN THIOLS|
|Abstract:||Reactive oxygen species (ROS) generated by metal-catalyzed 5-aminolevulinic acid (ALA) aerobic oxidation have been shown to damage the inner membrane of isolated rat liver mitochondria by a Ca2+-dependent mechanism. The present work describes experiments indicating that this damage can be prevented, but not completely reversed by the additions of catalase, ADP, cyclosporin A and dithiothreitol, as judged by the extent of Delta Psi regeneration by the injured mitochondria. In contrast, the addition of EGTA, which removes free Ca2+ and, possibly, Fe2+ present both in the intra- and extramitochondrial compartments, causes a prompt and complete regeneration of Delta Psi, even after long periods of mitochondrial incubations in the presence of ALA. This reversibility suggests that protein alterations such as protein thiol cross-linkings, evidenced by SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, are the main cause of increased membrane permeability promoted by ALA oxidation. The inhibition of protein aggregation and fast regeneration of Delta Psi promoted by EGTA suggest that the binding of Ca2+ to some membrane proteins plays a crucial role in the mechanism of both protein polymerization (pore assembly) and pore opening. The implication of these results with the molecular pathology of acute intermittent porphyria is also discussed.|
REACTIVE OXYGEN SPECIES
|Editor:||Elsevier Science Bv|
|Appears in Collections:||Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos|
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