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Type: Artigo de periódico
Title: Population structure and dynamics of a neotropical palm in fire-impacted fragments of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest
Author: Souza, AF
Martins, FR
Abstract: The demography of the acaulescent palm Attalea humilis was studied from 1996 to 1999 in three forest fragments (1.6, 6.4, and 9.9 ha) in southeastern Brazil (22degrees30'-22degrees33' S, 42degrees15'-42degrees19' W). A human-induced fire damaged the populations in August-September 1997. Palm density was higher in the medium-sized fragment, where it was concentrated in a single disturbed sector. Population ontogenetic stage structure was dependent on fragment and year, but in general later stages were more abundant than initial ones. Population finite growth rates projected from linear, stage-structured demographic models indicated that the populations were increasing before fire. Population growth rate in the smallest fragment was larger due to a single recruitment event, being most sensitive to changes in survival and growth of seedlings, virgins and the immature, and relatively insensitive to changes in shrinkage and fecundity. Observed growth rates for the entire study period showed that populations remained in equilibrium after fire, but the population in the medium-sized fragment showed a declining tendency. Population structure was resilient to fire, which caused a transitory concentration of individuals in the medium-sized stage. The self-sustainability of the population in the largest, most preserved fragment suggests that habitat-protection measures may suffice to ensure the persistence of populations in small fragments. However, population fluctuations and exclusion from hyper-disturbed sectors in the smallest fragment suggest that reduced fragment area, habitat degradation and human-induced fires can interact to threaten the persistence of even abundant, preadapted to fire, species like A. humilis.
Subject: Attalea humilis
matrix population models
sensitivity analysis
tropical forest
Country: Holanda
Editor: Kluwer Academic Publ
Rights: fechado
Identifier DOI: 10.1023/B:BIOC.0000029326.44647.7f
Date Issue: 2004
Appears in Collections:Unicamp - Artigos e Outros Documentos

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